Stretch-induced myogenin, MyoD, and MRF4 expression and acute hypertrophy in quail slow-tonic muscle are not dependent upon satellite cell proliferation

Dawn A. Lowe, Stephen Alway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objectives of these studies were to determine if (1) hypertrophy-stimulated myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) mRNA increases occur in the absense of proliferating satellite cells, and (2) acute hypertrophy occurs without satellite cell proliferation. Adult and aged quails were exposed to 0 or 2500 Rads gamma irradiation, and then wing muscles were stretch-overloaded for 3 or 7 days. MRF mRNA levels in stretch-overloaded and contralateral anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscles were determined after 3 days; hypertrophy was determined after 7 days. The elimination of proliferating cells in irradiated muscles was verified histologically by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Relative levels of MRF4, MyoD, and myogenin mRNA were elevated 100%-400% in stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from irradiated adult quails indicating that satellite cell proliferation was not a prerequisite for MRF mRNA increases. Myogenin was the only MRF that exhibited mRNA increases that were lowered by irradiation. This suggests that satellite cells contribute only to myogenin mRNA increases in non-irradiated adult muscles following 3 days of stretch-overload. Stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from aged quails had a relative increase in myogenin mRNA of ~ 150%. The myogenin increase was the same in non-irradiated and irradiated aged animals and also the same as that in stretch-overloaded muscles from irradiated adult quails. Together, these data indicate that attenuated increases in MRF expression in muscles from aged animals are attributable to lower satellite cell MRF expression. ALD muscle masses and protein contents in adult irradiated quails approximately doubled after 7 days of stretch-overload demonstrating hypertrophy despite the elimination of satellite cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume296
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Myogenin
Quail
Myogenic Regulatory Factors
Hypertrophy
Cell Proliferation
Muscles
Superficial Back Muscles
Messenger RNA
myogenic factor 6
Muscle Proteins
Bromodeoxyuridine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

@article{a0cfcc92945443128f5c262939de1634,
title = "Stretch-induced myogenin, MyoD, and MRF4 expression and acute hypertrophy in quail slow-tonic muscle are not dependent upon satellite cell proliferation",
abstract = "The objectives of these studies were to determine if (1) hypertrophy-stimulated myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) mRNA increases occur in the absense of proliferating satellite cells, and (2) acute hypertrophy occurs without satellite cell proliferation. Adult and aged quails were exposed to 0 or 2500 Rads gamma irradiation, and then wing muscles were stretch-overloaded for 3 or 7 days. MRF mRNA levels in stretch-overloaded and contralateral anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscles were determined after 3 days; hypertrophy was determined after 7 days. The elimination of proliferating cells in irradiated muscles was verified histologically by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Relative levels of MRF4, MyoD, and myogenin mRNA were elevated 100{\%}-400{\%} in stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from irradiated adult quails indicating that satellite cell proliferation was not a prerequisite for MRF mRNA increases. Myogenin was the only MRF that exhibited mRNA increases that were lowered by irradiation. This suggests that satellite cells contribute only to myogenin mRNA increases in non-irradiated adult muscles following 3 days of stretch-overload. Stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from aged quails had a relative increase in myogenin mRNA of ~ 150{\%}. The myogenin increase was the same in non-irradiated and irradiated aged animals and also the same as that in stretch-overloaded muscles from irradiated adult quails. Together, these data indicate that attenuated increases in MRF expression in muscles from aged animals are attributable to lower satellite cell MRF expression. ALD muscle masses and protein contents in adult irradiated quails approximately doubled after 7 days of stretch-overload demonstrating hypertrophy despite the elimination of satellite cell proliferation.",
author = "Lowe, {Dawn A.} and Stephen Alway",
year = "1999",
month = "6",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1007/s004410051314",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "296",
pages = "531--539",
journal = "Cell and Tissue Research",
issn = "0302-766X",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stretch-induced myogenin, MyoD, and MRF4 expression and acute hypertrophy in quail slow-tonic muscle are not dependent upon satellite cell proliferation

AU - Lowe, Dawn A.

AU - Alway, Stephen

PY - 1999/6/10

Y1 - 1999/6/10

N2 - The objectives of these studies were to determine if (1) hypertrophy-stimulated myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) mRNA increases occur in the absense of proliferating satellite cells, and (2) acute hypertrophy occurs without satellite cell proliferation. Adult and aged quails were exposed to 0 or 2500 Rads gamma irradiation, and then wing muscles were stretch-overloaded for 3 or 7 days. MRF mRNA levels in stretch-overloaded and contralateral anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscles were determined after 3 days; hypertrophy was determined after 7 days. The elimination of proliferating cells in irradiated muscles was verified histologically by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Relative levels of MRF4, MyoD, and myogenin mRNA were elevated 100%-400% in stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from irradiated adult quails indicating that satellite cell proliferation was not a prerequisite for MRF mRNA increases. Myogenin was the only MRF that exhibited mRNA increases that were lowered by irradiation. This suggests that satellite cells contribute only to myogenin mRNA increases in non-irradiated adult muscles following 3 days of stretch-overload. Stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from aged quails had a relative increase in myogenin mRNA of ~ 150%. The myogenin increase was the same in non-irradiated and irradiated aged animals and also the same as that in stretch-overloaded muscles from irradiated adult quails. Together, these data indicate that attenuated increases in MRF expression in muscles from aged animals are attributable to lower satellite cell MRF expression. ALD muscle masses and protein contents in adult irradiated quails approximately doubled after 7 days of stretch-overload demonstrating hypertrophy despite the elimination of satellite cell proliferation.

AB - The objectives of these studies were to determine if (1) hypertrophy-stimulated myogenic regulatory factor (MRF) mRNA increases occur in the absense of proliferating satellite cells, and (2) acute hypertrophy occurs without satellite cell proliferation. Adult and aged quails were exposed to 0 or 2500 Rads gamma irradiation, and then wing muscles were stretch-overloaded for 3 or 7 days. MRF mRNA levels in stretch-overloaded and contralateral anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscles were determined after 3 days; hypertrophy was determined after 7 days. The elimination of proliferating cells in irradiated muscles was verified histologically by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation. Relative levels of MRF4, MyoD, and myogenin mRNA were elevated 100%-400% in stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from irradiated adult quails indicating that satellite cell proliferation was not a prerequisite for MRF mRNA increases. Myogenin was the only MRF that exhibited mRNA increases that were lowered by irradiation. This suggests that satellite cells contribute only to myogenin mRNA increases in non-irradiated adult muscles following 3 days of stretch-overload. Stretch-overloaded ALD muscles from aged quails had a relative increase in myogenin mRNA of ~ 150%. The myogenin increase was the same in non-irradiated and irradiated aged animals and also the same as that in stretch-overloaded muscles from irradiated adult quails. Together, these data indicate that attenuated increases in MRF expression in muscles from aged animals are attributable to lower satellite cell MRF expression. ALD muscle masses and protein contents in adult irradiated quails approximately doubled after 7 days of stretch-overload demonstrating hypertrophy despite the elimination of satellite cell proliferation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032980962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032980962&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s004410051314

DO - 10.1007/s004410051314

M3 - Article

VL - 296

SP - 531

EP - 539

JO - Cell and Tissue Research

JF - Cell and Tissue Research

SN - 0302-766X

IS - 3

ER -