Stretch overload-induced satellite cell activation in slow tonic muscle from adult and aged Japanese quail

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Abstract

Stretch overload-induced activation of satellite cells in the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle was examined in full-grown adult (12 wk old) and aged (90 wk old) Japanese quail. 5'-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) constant-release pellets (0.22 mg BrdU · g body wt-1 · day-1) were implanted subcutaneously before weighting the left wing of each bird. Nuclei that incorporated BrdU were localized by immunohistochemistry after 1 or 2 wk of stretch overload. Total fiber number was quantified by counting all fibers in a histological cross section from the midbelly of the ALD. Aging reduced increases in ALD mass and fiber number during 2 wk of stretch overload. Fiber proliferation in the ALD of aged birds also demonstrated an altered time course. The percentage of BrdU-positive nuclei associated with muscle fibers and the percentage of fibers associated with BrdU-positive nuclei did not differ between age groups. The altered time course of new fiber formation in the ALD of aged birds during 2 wk of stretch overload does not appear to be related to the capability to activate satellite cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume270
Issue number2 39-2
StatePublished - Feb 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Coturnix
Superficial Back Muscles
Deoxyuridine
Muscles
Birds
Bromodeoxyuridine
Age Groups
Immunohistochemistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Stretch overload-induced satellite cell activation in slow tonic muscle from adult and aged Japanese quail",
abstract = "Stretch overload-induced activation of satellite cells in the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle was examined in full-grown adult (12 wk old) and aged (90 wk old) Japanese quail. 5'-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) constant-release pellets (0.22 mg BrdU · g body wt-1 · day-1) were implanted subcutaneously before weighting the left wing of each bird. Nuclei that incorporated BrdU were localized by immunohistochemistry after 1 or 2 wk of stretch overload. Total fiber number was quantified by counting all fibers in a histological cross section from the midbelly of the ALD. Aging reduced increases in ALD mass and fiber number during 2 wk of stretch overload. Fiber proliferation in the ALD of aged birds also demonstrated an altered time course. The percentage of BrdU-positive nuclei associated with muscle fibers and the percentage of fibers associated with BrdU-positive nuclei did not differ between age groups. The altered time course of new fiber formation in the ALD of aged birds during 2 wk of stretch overload does not appear to be related to the capability to activate satellite cells.",
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T1 - Stretch overload-induced satellite cell activation in slow tonic muscle from adult and aged Japanese quail

AU - Carson, James

AU - Alway, Stephen

PY - 1996/2/1

Y1 - 1996/2/1

N2 - Stretch overload-induced activation of satellite cells in the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle was examined in full-grown adult (12 wk old) and aged (90 wk old) Japanese quail. 5'-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) constant-release pellets (0.22 mg BrdU · g body wt-1 · day-1) were implanted subcutaneously before weighting the left wing of each bird. Nuclei that incorporated BrdU were localized by immunohistochemistry after 1 or 2 wk of stretch overload. Total fiber number was quantified by counting all fibers in a histological cross section from the midbelly of the ALD. Aging reduced increases in ALD mass and fiber number during 2 wk of stretch overload. Fiber proliferation in the ALD of aged birds also demonstrated an altered time course. The percentage of BrdU-positive nuclei associated with muscle fibers and the percentage of fibers associated with BrdU-positive nuclei did not differ between age groups. The altered time course of new fiber formation in the ALD of aged birds during 2 wk of stretch overload does not appear to be related to the capability to activate satellite cells.

AB - Stretch overload-induced activation of satellite cells in the anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle was examined in full-grown adult (12 wk old) and aged (90 wk old) Japanese quail. 5'-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) constant-release pellets (0.22 mg BrdU · g body wt-1 · day-1) were implanted subcutaneously before weighting the left wing of each bird. Nuclei that incorporated BrdU were localized by immunohistochemistry after 1 or 2 wk of stretch overload. Total fiber number was quantified by counting all fibers in a histological cross section from the midbelly of the ALD. Aging reduced increases in ALD mass and fiber number during 2 wk of stretch overload. Fiber proliferation in the ALD of aged birds also demonstrated an altered time course. The percentage of BrdU-positive nuclei associated with muscle fibers and the percentage of fibers associated with BrdU-positive nuclei did not differ between age groups. The altered time course of new fiber formation in the ALD of aged birds during 2 wk of stretch overload does not appear to be related to the capability to activate satellite cells.

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