Structural similarity of antibody variable regions from immune and autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies

M. R. Krishnan, Tony Marion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anti-DNA antibodies have been successfully induced in normal, nonautoimmune mice by immunization with complexes formed with a DNA-binding peptide, Fus1, and native, B form, mammalian DNA. Fus1 is a 27-amino acid peptide from the internal domain of a ubiquitin fusion protein from Trypanosoma cruzi. The structure of this peptide is homologous to the consensus amino acid sequence for a DNA-binding, 'zinc finger' motif, and the peptide binds to DNA. A panel of six anti-DNA antibody-producing hybridomas, two IgM and four IgG2a, have been generated from a single BALB/c mouse immunized with Fus1-DNA. The V region structures for both H and L chains of the induced anti-DNA antibodies are highly homologous if not identical to the V region structures of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. The DNA specificities of the anti-DNA antibodies were also similar to those of autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies. Three of the four induced IgG antibodies bound equally well to native and denatured DNA. These results demonstrate that antibody specific for nDNA can be induced with immunogenic complexes of native DNA. They also demonstrate that monoclonal representatives of the induced anti-DNA antibodies have serologic and structural characteristics similar if not identical to those of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune mice. The experimental system described here should provide insight not only about the structural basis for autoimmunity to DNA but also the function of anti-DNA antibody in the immunopathology of SLE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4948-4957
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume150
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Antinuclear Antibodies
Antibodies
DNA
Peptides
B-Form DNA
Trypanosoma cruzi
Zinc Fingers
Hybridomas
Ubiquitin
Autoimmunity
Immunoglobulin M
Amino Acid Sequence
Immunization
Immunoglobulin G
Amino Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

Cite this

Structural similarity of antibody variable regions from immune and autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies. / Krishnan, M. R.; Marion, Tony.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 150, No. 11, 1993, p. 4948-4957.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c7f4b6332da7459a8e0f185a741779cd,
title = "Structural similarity of antibody variable regions from immune and autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies",
abstract = "Anti-DNA antibodies have been successfully induced in normal, nonautoimmune mice by immunization with complexes formed with a DNA-binding peptide, Fus1, and native, B form, mammalian DNA. Fus1 is a 27-amino acid peptide from the internal domain of a ubiquitin fusion protein from Trypanosoma cruzi. The structure of this peptide is homologous to the consensus amino acid sequence for a DNA-binding, 'zinc finger' motif, and the peptide binds to DNA. A panel of six anti-DNA antibody-producing hybridomas, two IgM and four IgG2a, have been generated from a single BALB/c mouse immunized with Fus1-DNA. The V region structures for both H and L chains of the induced anti-DNA antibodies are highly homologous if not identical to the V region structures of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. The DNA specificities of the anti-DNA antibodies were also similar to those of autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies. Three of the four induced IgG antibodies bound equally well to native and denatured DNA. These results demonstrate that antibody specific for nDNA can be induced with immunogenic complexes of native DNA. They also demonstrate that monoclonal representatives of the induced anti-DNA antibodies have serologic and structural characteristics similar if not identical to those of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune mice. The experimental system described here should provide insight not only about the structural basis for autoimmunity to DNA but also the function of anti-DNA antibody in the immunopathology of SLE.",
author = "Krishnan, {M. R.} and Tony Marion",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "150",
pages = "4948--4957",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural similarity of antibody variable regions from immune and autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies

AU - Krishnan, M. R.

AU - Marion, Tony

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Anti-DNA antibodies have been successfully induced in normal, nonautoimmune mice by immunization with complexes formed with a DNA-binding peptide, Fus1, and native, B form, mammalian DNA. Fus1 is a 27-amino acid peptide from the internal domain of a ubiquitin fusion protein from Trypanosoma cruzi. The structure of this peptide is homologous to the consensus amino acid sequence for a DNA-binding, 'zinc finger' motif, and the peptide binds to DNA. A panel of six anti-DNA antibody-producing hybridomas, two IgM and four IgG2a, have been generated from a single BALB/c mouse immunized with Fus1-DNA. The V region structures for both H and L chains of the induced anti-DNA antibodies are highly homologous if not identical to the V region structures of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. The DNA specificities of the anti-DNA antibodies were also similar to those of autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies. Three of the four induced IgG antibodies bound equally well to native and denatured DNA. These results demonstrate that antibody specific for nDNA can be induced with immunogenic complexes of native DNA. They also demonstrate that monoclonal representatives of the induced anti-DNA antibodies have serologic and structural characteristics similar if not identical to those of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune mice. The experimental system described here should provide insight not only about the structural basis for autoimmunity to DNA but also the function of anti-DNA antibody in the immunopathology of SLE.

AB - Anti-DNA antibodies have been successfully induced in normal, nonautoimmune mice by immunization with complexes formed with a DNA-binding peptide, Fus1, and native, B form, mammalian DNA. Fus1 is a 27-amino acid peptide from the internal domain of a ubiquitin fusion protein from Trypanosoma cruzi. The structure of this peptide is homologous to the consensus amino acid sequence for a DNA-binding, 'zinc finger' motif, and the peptide binds to DNA. A panel of six anti-DNA antibody-producing hybridomas, two IgM and four IgG2a, have been generated from a single BALB/c mouse immunized with Fus1-DNA. The V region structures for both H and L chains of the induced anti-DNA antibodies are highly homologous if not identical to the V region structures of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune (NZB x NZW)F1 mice. The DNA specificities of the anti-DNA antibodies were also similar to those of autoimmune anti-DNA antibodies. Three of the four induced IgG antibodies bound equally well to native and denatured DNA. These results demonstrate that antibody specific for nDNA can be induced with immunogenic complexes of native DNA. They also demonstrate that monoclonal representatives of the induced anti-DNA antibodies have serologic and structural characteristics similar if not identical to those of spontaneous anti-DNA antibodies from autoimmune mice. The experimental system described here should provide insight not only about the structural basis for autoimmunity to DNA but also the function of anti-DNA antibody in the immunopathology of SLE.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027232793&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027232793&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8496596

AN - SCOPUS:0027232793

VL - 150

SP - 4948

EP - 4957

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 11

ER -