Student perceptions of the pharmacist’s approach across the varying levels of medication therapy management services

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To explore third-year pharmacy (P3) student perceptions of medication therapy management (MTM) after an introduction to the various levels of MTM services within an MTM course. Methods. A qualitative survey was conducted of 158 P3 students. Open-ended questions were used to explore students’ thoughts, feelings, and perceptions related to the pharmacist’s approach in MTM following a lecture establishing differences in roles and responsibilities between the varying levels of MTM. Emphasis was placed on the pharmacist’s role when providing comprehensive medication management (CMM). CMM is a higher-level direct patient care service with a whole-patient focus that goes beyond medication or disease specific focuses of either a comprehensive medication review (CMR) or targeted medication review (TMR). Thematic analysis was performed and an inductive approach to data analysis was used. Results. The following five themes were identified: misperceptions entering the course, efficient delivery of MTM depends on understanding the differences between services, doctor of pharmacy education is a factor in confused MTM role expectations, role limitations exist and referrals to other providers, and the CMR meets unmet needs. Conclusion. Students noted initial confusion between their roles and responsibilities during a CMM versus a CMR. Pharmacy educators should address the varying roles and responsibility differences across MTM services within their curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6190
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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Medication Therapy Management
pharmacist
Pharmacists
medication
Students
management
student
Pharmacy Education
Pharmacy Students
Curriculum
responsibility
Patient Care
Emotions
Referral and Consultation
role expectation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

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title = "Student perceptions of the pharmacist’s approach across the varying levels of medication therapy management services",
abstract = "Objective. To explore third-year pharmacy (P3) student perceptions of medication therapy management (MTM) after an introduction to the various levels of MTM services within an MTM course. Methods. A qualitative survey was conducted of 158 P3 students. Open-ended questions were used to explore students’ thoughts, feelings, and perceptions related to the pharmacist’s approach in MTM following a lecture establishing differences in roles and responsibilities between the varying levels of MTM. Emphasis was placed on the pharmacist’s role when providing comprehensive medication management (CMM). CMM is a higher-level direct patient care service with a whole-patient focus that goes beyond medication or disease specific focuses of either a comprehensive medication review (CMR) or targeted medication review (TMR). Thematic analysis was performed and an inductive approach to data analysis was used. Results. The following five themes were identified: misperceptions entering the course, efficient delivery of MTM depends on understanding the differences between services, doctor of pharmacy education is a factor in confused MTM role expectations, role limitations exist and referrals to other providers, and the CMR meets unmet needs. Conclusion. Students noted initial confusion between their roles and responsibilities during a CMM versus a CMR. Pharmacy educators should address the varying roles and responsibility differences across MTM services within their curriculum.",
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