Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children

T. Baranowski, R. C. Ellison, R. Iannotti, J. M. Kotchen, P. R. Nader, W. B. Strong, E. J. Stone, Robert Klesges, C. Basch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) were conducted at eight sites across the United States to assess cardiovascular disease risk factors, cardiovascular health behaviors, and their interrelationships among young (3- 5 years) children. This paper presents descriptive information on the risk factors across sites. Although all sites addressed interrelated issues, each site had wide flexibility in selecting the research design, risk factors for inclusion, and methods of assessment. There was substantial variation across sites in most risk factors, and substantial divergence with corresponding data from the Bogalusa newborn cohort. A gender difference was observed for skinfolds with girls more adipose than boys. At this age, no consistent ethnic differences in risk factors were seen. Differences in means in height, weight, resting blood pressures, total cholesterol, and triceps skinfolds from the Bogalusa newborn cohort were interpreted to indicate that the Bogalusa findings may not be representative of the entire country. Differences across sites and with Bogalusa could be due to differences in method of measurement, secular changes, sampling, regions and Type I errors. Future SCAN reports will present descriptive information on cardiovascular health behaviors, and on their relationships with cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-366
Number of pages13
JournalCardiovascular Risk Factors
Volume3
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993

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Research
Health Behavior
Cardiovascular Diseases
Newborn Infant
Research Design
Cholesterol
Blood Pressure
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Baranowski, T., Ellison, R. C., Iannotti, R., Kotchen, J. M., Nader, P. R., Strong, W. B., ... Basch, C. (1993). Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children. Cardiovascular Risk Factors, 3(6), 354-366.

Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children. / Baranowski, T.; Ellison, R. C.; Iannotti, R.; Kotchen, J. M.; Nader, P. R.; Strong, W. B.; Stone, E. J.; Klesges, Robert; Basch, C.

In: Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Vol. 3, No. 6, 01.12.1993, p. 354-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baranowski, T, Ellison, RC, Iannotti, R, Kotchen, JM, Nader, PR, Strong, WB, Stone, EJ, Klesges, R & Basch, C 1993, 'Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children', Cardiovascular Risk Factors, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 354-366.
Baranowski T, Ellison RC, Iannotti R, Kotchen JM, Nader PR, Strong WB et al. Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children. Cardiovascular Risk Factors. 1993 Dec 1;3(6):354-366.
Baranowski, T. ; Ellison, R. C. ; Iannotti, R. ; Kotchen, J. M. ; Nader, P. R. ; Strong, W. B. ; Stone, E. J. ; Klesges, Robert ; Basch, C. / Studies of Child Activity and Nutrition (SCAN) longitudinal research on CVD risk factors and CVH behaviors in young children. In: Cardiovascular Risk Factors. 1993 ; Vol. 3, No. 6. pp. 354-366.
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