Swelling and diffusion characteristics of novel semi-interpenetrating network hydrogels composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium acrylate)] and poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt]

Murali Yallapu, Joseph P. Dickson, Kurt E. Geckeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of novel semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium crylate)] with varying amounts (5, 10, and 15 wt%) of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] was synthesized. The semi-IPN hydrogels were characterized by infrared spectroscopy. The swelling behavior of these IPNs was studied in distilled water/ physiological solutions/buffer solutions/salt solutions. As the amount of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] increased in the network, the swelling capacity of the semi-IPNs increased considerably. The swelling and diffusion characteristics such as water penetration velocity (v), diffusion exponent (n), and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated in distilled water, as well as in other physiological solutions. The highest swelling capacity was noted in urea and glucose solutions. The semi-IPN hydrogels followed non-Fickian diffusion behavior in water and physiological fluids, whereas Fickian behavior was observed in buffer solutions. The stimuli-responsive characteristics towards physiological fluids, salt concentration, and temperature of these semi-IPN hydrogels were also investigated. The swelling behavior of the semi-IPNs decreased markedly with an increase of the concentration of the salt solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-185
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer International
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Hydrogels
Interpenetrating polymer networks
Polyacrylates
Swelling
Salts
Sodium
Acids
Water
Buffers
Fluids
lyapolate
Urea
Glucose
Infrared spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Swelling and diffusion characteristics of novel semi-interpenetrating network hydrogels composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium acrylate)] and poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt]",
abstract = "A series of novel semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium crylate)] with varying amounts (5, 10, and 15 wt{\%}) of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] was synthesized. The semi-IPN hydrogels were characterized by infrared spectroscopy. The swelling behavior of these IPNs was studied in distilled water/ physiological solutions/buffer solutions/salt solutions. As the amount of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] increased in the network, the swelling capacity of the semi-IPNs increased considerably. The swelling and diffusion characteristics such as water penetration velocity (v), diffusion exponent (n), and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated in distilled water, as well as in other physiological solutions. The highest swelling capacity was noted in urea and glucose solutions. The semi-IPN hydrogels followed non-Fickian diffusion behavior in water and physiological fluids, whereas Fickian behavior was observed in buffer solutions. The stimuli-responsive characteristics towards physiological fluids, salt concentration, and temperature of these semi-IPN hydrogels were also investigated. The swelling behavior of the semi-IPNs decreased markedly with an increase of the concentration of the salt solutions.",
author = "Murali Yallapu and Dickson, {Joseph P.} and Geckeler, {Kurt E.}",
year = "2007",
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AU - Yallapu, Murali

AU - Dickson, Joseph P.

AU - Geckeler, Kurt E.

PY - 2007/2/1

Y1 - 2007/2/1

N2 - A series of novel semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium crylate)] with varying amounts (5, 10, and 15 wt%) of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] was synthesized. The semi-IPN hydrogels were characterized by infrared spectroscopy. The swelling behavior of these IPNs was studied in distilled water/ physiological solutions/buffer solutions/salt solutions. As the amount of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] increased in the network, the swelling capacity of the semi-IPNs increased considerably. The swelling and diffusion characteristics such as water penetration velocity (v), diffusion exponent (n), and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated in distilled water, as well as in other physiological solutions. The highest swelling capacity was noted in urea and glucose solutions. The semi-IPN hydrogels followed non-Fickian diffusion behavior in water and physiological fluids, whereas Fickian behavior was observed in buffer solutions. The stimuli-responsive characteristics towards physiological fluids, salt concentration, and temperature of these semi-IPN hydrogels were also investigated. The swelling behavior of the semi-IPNs decreased markedly with an increase of the concentration of the salt solutions.

AB - A series of novel semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) composed of poly[(acrylamide)-co-(sodium crylate)] with varying amounts (5, 10, and 15 wt%) of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] was synthesized. The semi-IPN hydrogels were characterized by infrared spectroscopy. The swelling behavior of these IPNs was studied in distilled water/ physiological solutions/buffer solutions/salt solutions. As the amount of poly[(vinylsulfonic acid), sodium salt] increased in the network, the swelling capacity of the semi-IPNs increased considerably. The swelling and diffusion characteristics such as water penetration velocity (v), diffusion exponent (n), and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated in distilled water, as well as in other physiological solutions. The highest swelling capacity was noted in urea and glucose solutions. The semi-IPN hydrogels followed non-Fickian diffusion behavior in water and physiological fluids, whereas Fickian behavior was observed in buffer solutions. The stimuli-responsive characteristics towards physiological fluids, salt concentration, and temperature of these semi-IPN hydrogels were also investigated. The swelling behavior of the semi-IPNs decreased markedly with an increase of the concentration of the salt solutions.

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