Synthesis and calcium channel antagonist activity of alkyl cycloalkyl esters of nifedipine containing pyridinyl substituents

Murthy Akula, W. C. Matowe, M. W. Wolowyk, E. E. Knaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Alkyl cycloalkyl esters of nifedipine (1a) analogues, in which the ortho-nitrophenyl group at position 4 is replaced by pyridinyl (5-19) were synthesized and evaluated as calcium channel antagonists using the muscarinic receptor-mediated Ca2+-dependent contraction of guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle. The relative activity profile for unsymmetrical esters (5-15), which indicated the effect of cycloalkyl ring size on activity, was cyclopentyl > cyclohexyl > cyclobutyl. In addition unsymmetrical esters, possessing one R2-cyclohexyl substituent, exhibited an activity profile dependent upon the nature of the R1-alkyl ester substituent with Me > Et, i-Pr, i-Bu > cyclohexyl > t-Bu. The point of attachment of the C-4 pyridinyl substituent was also a determinant of activity for unsymmetrical compounds (R1 = Me, i-Pr; R2 = cyclohexyl, cyclobutyl) where the relative potency order was 2-pyridinyl > 3-pyridinyl > 4-pyridinyl. In contrast, when the R1 and R2-substituents are larger in size (R1 = R2 = cyclohexyl or R1 = i-Pr, R2 = cyclopentyl) the relative activity profile was 3-pyridinyl = 4-pyridinyl > 2-pyridinyl. The C-3 and C-5 ester substituents therefore appear to provide important interdependent contributions to calcium channel antagonist activity, and hence to interaction with the 1,4-dihydropyridine receptor site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Design and Delivery
Volume5
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Calcium Channel Blockers
Nifedipine
Esters
L-Type Calcium Channels
Muscarinic Receptors
Smooth Muscle
Guinea Pigs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Synthesis and calcium channel antagonist activity of alkyl cycloalkyl esters of nifedipine containing pyridinyl substituents. / Akula, Murthy; Matowe, W. C.; Wolowyk, M. W.; Knaus, E. E.

In: Drug Design and Delivery, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.12.1989, p. 117-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Alkyl cycloalkyl esters of nifedipine (1a) analogues, in which the ortho-nitrophenyl group at position 4 is replaced by pyridinyl (5-19) were synthesized and evaluated as calcium channel antagonists using the muscarinic receptor-mediated Ca2+-dependent contraction of guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle. The relative activity profile for unsymmetrical esters (5-15), which indicated the effect of cycloalkyl ring size on activity, was cyclopentyl > cyclohexyl > cyclobutyl. In addition unsymmetrical esters, possessing one R2-cyclohexyl substituent, exhibited an activity profile dependent upon the nature of the R1-alkyl ester substituent with Me > Et, i-Pr, i-Bu > cyclohexyl > t-Bu. The point of attachment of the C-4 pyridinyl substituent was also a determinant of activity for unsymmetrical compounds (R1 = Me, i-Pr; R2 = cyclohexyl, cyclobutyl) where the relative potency order was 2-pyridinyl > 3-pyridinyl > 4-pyridinyl. In contrast, when the R1 and R2-substituents are larger in size (R1 = R2 = cyclohexyl or R1 = i-Pr, R2 = cyclopentyl) the relative activity profile was 3-pyridinyl = 4-pyridinyl > 2-pyridinyl. The C-3 and C-5 ester substituents therefore appear to provide important interdependent contributions to calcium channel antagonist activity, and hence to interaction with the 1,4-dihydropyridine receptor site.",
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