Tetraspanin CD82 attenuates cellular morphogenesis through down-regulating integrin α6-mediated cell adhesion

Bo He, Li Liu, George Cook, Svetozar Grgurevich, Lisa K. Jennings, Xin A. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Tetraspanin CD82 has been implicated in integrin-mediated functions such as cell motility and invasiveness. Although tetraspanins associate with integrins, it is unknown if and how CD82 regulates the functionality of integrins. In this study, we found that Du145 prostate cancer cells underwent morphogenesis on the reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel to form an anastomosing network of multicellular structures. This process entirely depends on integrin α6, a receptor for laminin. After CD82 is expressed in Du145 cells, this cellular morphogenesis was abolished, indicating a functional cross-talk between CD82 and α6 integrins. Interestingly, antibodies against other tetraspanins expressed in Du145 cells such as CD9, CB81, and CD151 did not block this integrin α6-dependent morphogenesis. We further found that CD82 significantly inhibited cell adhesion on laminin 1. Notably, the level of α6 integrins on the cell surface was down-regulated upon CD82 expression, although total cellular α6 protein levels remained unchanged in CD82-expressing cells. This down-regulation indicates that the diminished cell adhesiveness of CD82-expressing Du145 cells on laminin likely resulted from less cell surface expression of α6 integrins. As expected, CD82 physically associated with the integrin α6 in Du145-CD82 transfectant cells, suggesting that the formation of the CD82-integrin α6 complex reduces α6 integrin cell surface expression. Finally, the internalization of cell surface integrin α6 is significantly enhanced upon CD82 expression. In conclusion, our results indicate that 1) CD82 attenuates integrin α6 signaling during a cellular morphogenic process; 2) the decreased surface expression of α6 integrins in CD82-expressing cells is likely responsible for the diminished adhesiveness on laminin and, subsequently, results in the attenuation of α6 integrin-mediated cellular morphogenesis; and 3) the accelerated internalization of integrin α6 upon CD82 expression correlates with the down-regulation of cell surface integrin α6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3346-3354
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 4 2005

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Cell adhesion
Morphogenesis
Cell Adhesion
Integrins
Tetraspanins
Adhesiveness
Laminin
Down-Regulation
Cells
Laminin Receptors
Basement Membrane

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

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Tetraspanin CD82 attenuates cellular morphogenesis through down-regulating integrin α6-mediated cell adhesion. / He, Bo; Liu, Li; Cook, George; Grgurevich, Svetozar; Jennings, Lisa K.; Zhang, Xin A.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280, No. 5, 04.02.2005, p. 3346-3354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

He, Bo ; Liu, Li ; Cook, George ; Grgurevich, Svetozar ; Jennings, Lisa K. ; Zhang, Xin A. / Tetraspanin CD82 attenuates cellular morphogenesis through down-regulating integrin α6-mediated cell adhesion. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2005 ; Vol. 280, No. 5. pp. 3346-3354.
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abstract = "Tetraspanin CD82 has been implicated in integrin-mediated functions such as cell motility and invasiveness. Although tetraspanins associate with integrins, it is unknown if and how CD82 regulates the functionality of integrins. In this study, we found that Du145 prostate cancer cells underwent morphogenesis on the reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel to form an anastomosing network of multicellular structures. This process entirely depends on integrin α6, a receptor for laminin. After CD82 is expressed in Du145 cells, this cellular morphogenesis was abolished, indicating a functional cross-talk between CD82 and α6 integrins. Interestingly, antibodies against other tetraspanins expressed in Du145 cells such as CD9, CB81, and CD151 did not block this integrin α6-dependent morphogenesis. We further found that CD82 significantly inhibited cell adhesion on laminin 1. Notably, the level of α6 integrins on the cell surface was down-regulated upon CD82 expression, although total cellular α6 protein levels remained unchanged in CD82-expressing cells. This down-regulation indicates that the diminished cell adhesiveness of CD82-expressing Du145 cells on laminin likely resulted from less cell surface expression of α6 integrins. As expected, CD82 physically associated with the integrin α6 in Du145-CD82 transfectant cells, suggesting that the formation of the CD82-integrin α6 complex reduces α6 integrin cell surface expression. Finally, the internalization of cell surface integrin α6 is significantly enhanced upon CD82 expression. In conclusion, our results indicate that 1) CD82 attenuates integrin α6 signaling during a cellular morphogenic process; 2) the decreased surface expression of α6 integrins in CD82-expressing cells is likely responsible for the diminished adhesiveness on laminin and, subsequently, results in the attenuation of α6 integrin-mediated cellular morphogenesis; and 3) the accelerated internalization of integrin α6 upon CD82 expression correlates with the down-regulation of cell surface integrin α6.",
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