The area discontinuity between probe and ear canal as a source of power-reflectance measurement-location variability

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Abstract

This study examined the effect of the area discontinuity between the measurement-probe sound source and ear canal on the plane-wave approximation of power reflectance. The area discontinuity was hypothesized to introduce measurement-location sensitivity to the power reflectance, especially above 5 kHz. Measurements were made in human and artificial ear canals (tubes coupled to an IEC711 ear simulator). In both cases, the power reflectance exhibited a high-frequency notch that decreased in frequency as the residual canal length increased. The area discontinuity between probe and canal was modeled as an inductance in series with the canal's acoustic impedance. To compensate for the effects of the discontinuity, the discontinuity's impedance was subtracted from the measured load impedance of the canal. In the artificial ears, compensation for the estimated area discontinuity removed the high-frequency notch and reduced the position dependence of the power reflectance. Subtracting the estimated discontinuity impedance from the load impedance in the human ears had a minimal effect on the power-reflectance measurement-location variability and magnitude of the high-frequency notch. The area-discontinuity between probe and ear canal is not supported as the primary source of measurement-variability in the plane-wave approximation of the power reflectance in human ears.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1116
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

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canals
ear
discontinuity
reflectance
probes
artificial ears
notches
impedance
plane waves
Canals
Discontinuity
Reflectance
Ear
acoustic impedance
approximation
inductance
simulators
tubes
acoustics
sensitivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

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abstract = "This study examined the effect of the area discontinuity between the measurement-probe sound source and ear canal on the plane-wave approximation of power reflectance. The area discontinuity was hypothesized to introduce measurement-location sensitivity to the power reflectance, especially above 5 kHz. Measurements were made in human and artificial ear canals (tubes coupled to an IEC711 ear simulator). In both cases, the power reflectance exhibited a high-frequency notch that decreased in frequency as the residual canal length increased. The area discontinuity between probe and canal was modeled as an inductance in series with the canal's acoustic impedance. To compensate for the effects of the discontinuity, the discontinuity's impedance was subtracted from the measured load impedance of the canal. In the artificial ears, compensation for the estimated area discontinuity removed the high-frequency notch and reduced the position dependence of the power reflectance. Subtracting the estimated discontinuity impedance from the load impedance in the human ears had a minimal effect on the power-reflectance measurement-location variability and magnitude of the high-frequency notch. The area-discontinuity between probe and ear canal is not supported as the primary source of measurement-variability in the plane-wave approximation of the power reflectance in human ears.",
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