The Biochemical and molecular characterization of recombinant Bacillus subtilis tripeptidase (PepT) as a zinc-dependent metalloenzyme

Myung Hoon Cha, Whan Mi Yong, Sang Lee, Young Seek Lee, Il Yup Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aminopeptidases catalyze the release of N-terminal amino acid residue from polypeptides and peptides, and most of them are known to be metalloenzymes. A tripeptidase gene (pepT) of Bacillus subtilis was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the resulting recombinant PepT was purified in an active form through sequential chromatographies. The addition of Zn2+ or Co2+ increased the enzymatic activity by approximately two fold. The points at which Zn2+ and Co2+ stimulated a half-maximum activity of the PepT were 650 nM and 1,700 nM, respectively. The measurement of the metal content showed that this enzyme contained 0.26 atom of Zn2+ per molecule with essentially the absence of Co2+ and others, and 0.53 atom of Zn2+ with 1.5-fold increase of activity when reconstituted with Zn2+. Consistent with this result, this enzyme is much readily refolded in the presence of Zn2+ than Co2+. To further delineate the structure and function relations, we made serial deletion mutants and analyzed their enzymatic activities. Of eight deletion mutants, only a mutant lacking the N-terminal 66 amino acid residues retained enzymatic activity. The mutant enzyme, however, required a concentration of Zn2+ ion at least ten-fold higher to reach maximum activity without significantly affecting kinetic parameters such as Km and Vmax compared to the full length PepT. Taken together, these data suggest that the B. subtilis PepT is likely to be a Zn2+-dependent metalloenzyme and that the N-terminal region of the PepT stabilizes Zn2+-binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalMolecules and Cells
Volume10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 31 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Bacillus subtilis
Zinc
Enzymes
Amino Acids
Peptides
Aminopeptidases
Chromatography
Metals
Ions
Escherichia coli
Genes
PepT tripeptidase

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The Biochemical and molecular characterization of recombinant Bacillus subtilis tripeptidase (PepT) as a zinc-dependent metalloenzyme. / Cha, Myung Hoon; Yong, Whan Mi; Lee, Sang; Lee, Young Seek; Chung, Il Yup.

In: Molecules and Cells, Vol. 10, No. 4, 31.08.2000, p. 423-431.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cha, Myung Hoon ; Yong, Whan Mi ; Lee, Sang ; Lee, Young Seek ; Chung, Il Yup. / The Biochemical and molecular characterization of recombinant Bacillus subtilis tripeptidase (PepT) as a zinc-dependent metalloenzyme. In: Molecules and Cells. 2000 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 423-431.
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