The carotid artery as a noninvasive window for cardiovascular risk in apparently healthy individuals

Yoji Nagai, Masayasu Matsumoto, E. Metter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and disability in industrialized countries. Because the etiologies are related to alteration of arterial wall properties, the noninvasive evaluation could help the presymptomatic diagnosis and potentially the prevention of future events. Ultrasound (US) is currently the only modality to image the arterial wall in real-time with sufficient resolution to allow for observation of its morphological, hemodynamic and elastic properties. Increased wall thickness and atheromatous plaques of carotid arteries are associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases. Also, carotid Doppler waveforms and wall elasticity may have associations with arterial health. Although evaluation of these arterial properties are currently limited to the research laboratories, most of such properties can be evaluated in the standard setting of carotid ultrasonography. This article reviews "potential" utilities of carotid US evaluation for cardiovascular risk assessment in apparently healthy individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1231-1238
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002

Fingerprint

arteries
Carotid Arteries
Elasticity
Atherosclerotic Plaques
evaluation
Developed Countries
elastic properties
Cause of Death
Ultrasonography
etiology
disabilities
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hemodynamics
Observation
hemodynamics
risk assessment
death
Health
health
waveforms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

The carotid artery as a noninvasive window for cardiovascular risk in apparently healthy individuals. / Nagai, Yoji; Matsumoto, Masayasu; Metter, E.

In: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 28, No. 10, 01.10.2002, p. 1231-1238.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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