The clinical correlation of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10, phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state, and odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein in gastrointestinal stromal tumors

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Abstract

Background Approximately 15% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) will not respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and drug resistance can develop over time. For refractory tumors, additional therapies are needed. Odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein (ODAM) is expressed in some epithelial malignancies and can correlate with clinical outcomes. This study evaluated ODAM and its relationship to phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state (pAKT) in GISTs. Materials and methods Ninety-five distinct tumor specimens from 79 patients were identified. Morphologic features and clinical data were recorded for all tumors. Risk of recurrence was calculated using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering nomogram. Immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies to ODAM, PTEN, and pAKT. Immunoreactivity was assessed for both cytoplasmic and nuclear expression. Staining patterns were correlated with clinical outcomes. Results Increasing cytoplasmic ODAM staining correlated with a lower recurrence score (P = 0.002), a lower mitotic rate (P = 0.0001), and smaller tumor size (P = 0.038). Increasing pAKT cytoplasmic staining correlated with a higher recurrence score (P = 0.037) and a higher mitotic rate (P = 0.036). ODAM and pAKT expression in the nucleus was associated with tumor origin. PTEN nuclear expression increased with increasing mitotic rate. pAKT expression increased in the cytoplasm and nucleus in high-risk tumors. Conclusions Risk of recurrence correlated with cytoplasmic expression of ODAM and pAKT, whereas nuclear expression did not predict recurrence. The staining pattern for ODAM and pAKT in the cytoplasm may further clarify the risk of recurrence beyond the available nomograms. The increased expression of pAKT in the cytoplasm and nucleus of high-risk tumors suggests a potential target for systemic therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume202
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Ameloblasts
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Phosphorylation
Recurrence
Neoplasms
Proteins
Staining and Labeling
Nomograms
Cytoplasm
PTEN Phosphohydrolase
Tensins
Drug Resistance
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Immunohistochemistry
Antibodies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{c7768a897117476b8ee1c01824eee229,
title = "The clinical correlation of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10, phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state, and odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein in gastrointestinal stromal tumors",
abstract = "Background Approximately 15{\%} of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) will not respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and drug resistance can develop over time. For refractory tumors, additional therapies are needed. Odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein (ODAM) is expressed in some epithelial malignancies and can correlate with clinical outcomes. This study evaluated ODAM and its relationship to phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state (pAKT) in GISTs. Materials and methods Ninety-five distinct tumor specimens from 79 patients were identified. Morphologic features and clinical data were recorded for all tumors. Risk of recurrence was calculated using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering nomogram. Immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies to ODAM, PTEN, and pAKT. Immunoreactivity was assessed for both cytoplasmic and nuclear expression. Staining patterns were correlated with clinical outcomes. Results Increasing cytoplasmic ODAM staining correlated with a lower recurrence score (P = 0.002), a lower mitotic rate (P = 0.0001), and smaller tumor size (P = 0.038). Increasing pAKT cytoplasmic staining correlated with a higher recurrence score (P = 0.037) and a higher mitotic rate (P = 0.036). ODAM and pAKT expression in the nucleus was associated with tumor origin. PTEN nuclear expression increased with increasing mitotic rate. pAKT expression increased in the cytoplasm and nucleus in high-risk tumors. Conclusions Risk of recurrence correlated with cytoplasmic expression of ODAM and pAKT, whereas nuclear expression did not predict recurrence. The staining pattern for ODAM and pAKT in the cytoplasm may further clarify the risk of recurrence beyond the available nomograms. The increased expression of pAKT in the cytoplasm and nucleus of high-risk tumors suggests a potential target for systemic therapy.",
author = "James Mcloughlin and Laurentia Nodit and Robert Heidel and {Van Meter}, Stuart and Sallie Macy and Daniel Kestler",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jss.2016.01.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "202",
pages = "403--412",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Research",
issn = "0022-4804",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The clinical correlation of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10, phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state, and odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein in gastrointestinal stromal tumors

AU - Mcloughlin, James

AU - Nodit, Laurentia

AU - Heidel, Robert

AU - Van Meter, Stuart

AU - Macy, Sallie

AU - Kestler, Daniel

PY - 2016/5/15

Y1 - 2016/5/15

N2 - Background Approximately 15% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) will not respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and drug resistance can develop over time. For refractory tumors, additional therapies are needed. Odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein (ODAM) is expressed in some epithelial malignancies and can correlate with clinical outcomes. This study evaluated ODAM and its relationship to phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state (pAKT) in GISTs. Materials and methods Ninety-five distinct tumor specimens from 79 patients were identified. Morphologic features and clinical data were recorded for all tumors. Risk of recurrence was calculated using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering nomogram. Immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies to ODAM, PTEN, and pAKT. Immunoreactivity was assessed for both cytoplasmic and nuclear expression. Staining patterns were correlated with clinical outcomes. Results Increasing cytoplasmic ODAM staining correlated with a lower recurrence score (P = 0.002), a lower mitotic rate (P = 0.0001), and smaller tumor size (P = 0.038). Increasing pAKT cytoplasmic staining correlated with a higher recurrence score (P = 0.037) and a higher mitotic rate (P = 0.036). ODAM and pAKT expression in the nucleus was associated with tumor origin. PTEN nuclear expression increased with increasing mitotic rate. pAKT expression increased in the cytoplasm and nucleus in high-risk tumors. Conclusions Risk of recurrence correlated with cytoplasmic expression of ODAM and pAKT, whereas nuclear expression did not predict recurrence. The staining pattern for ODAM and pAKT in the cytoplasm may further clarify the risk of recurrence beyond the available nomograms. The increased expression of pAKT in the cytoplasm and nucleus of high-risk tumors suggests a potential target for systemic therapy.

AB - Background Approximately 15% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) will not respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors and drug resistance can develop over time. For refractory tumors, additional therapies are needed. Odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein (ODAM) is expressed in some epithelial malignancies and can correlate with clinical outcomes. This study evaluated ODAM and its relationship to phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and phosphorylation of AKT to an activated state (pAKT) in GISTs. Materials and methods Ninety-five distinct tumor specimens from 79 patients were identified. Morphologic features and clinical data were recorded for all tumors. Risk of recurrence was calculated using the Memorial Sloan-Kettering nomogram. Immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies to ODAM, PTEN, and pAKT. Immunoreactivity was assessed for both cytoplasmic and nuclear expression. Staining patterns were correlated with clinical outcomes. Results Increasing cytoplasmic ODAM staining correlated with a lower recurrence score (P = 0.002), a lower mitotic rate (P = 0.0001), and smaller tumor size (P = 0.038). Increasing pAKT cytoplasmic staining correlated with a higher recurrence score (P = 0.037) and a higher mitotic rate (P = 0.036). ODAM and pAKT expression in the nucleus was associated with tumor origin. PTEN nuclear expression increased with increasing mitotic rate. pAKT expression increased in the cytoplasm and nucleus in high-risk tumors. Conclusions Risk of recurrence correlated with cytoplasmic expression of ODAM and pAKT, whereas nuclear expression did not predict recurrence. The staining pattern for ODAM and pAKT in the cytoplasm may further clarify the risk of recurrence beyond the available nomograms. The increased expression of pAKT in the cytoplasm and nucleus of high-risk tumors suggests a potential target for systemic therapy.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jss.2016.01.012

DO - 10.1016/j.jss.2016.01.012

M3 - Article

VL - 202

SP - 403

EP - 412

JO - Journal of Surgical Research

JF - Journal of Surgical Research

SN - 0022-4804

IS - 2

ER -