The effect of eating out on quality of diet in premenopausal women

Linda H. Eck Clemens, Deborah L. Slawson, Robert Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the intake of women who report varying levels of frequency of consuming food at commercial facilities outside the home. Design: A 1-week descriptive study of dietary intake in women. Subjects completed daily diet records that included information regarding the source of the food eaten at each meal or snack. The sample was divided on the basis of the number of meals each subject reported obtaining from a commercial establishment outside the home. Of the 129 subjects, 56% (n=72) reported eating out 5 times or less during the week of recording (Low Eating Out group) and the remainder (n=57) reported eating out between 6 and 13 times (High Eating Out group). Subjects/setting: One hundred twenty-nine premenopausal women were recruited via community advertising for an investigation of health habits. This study was conducted in a midsouthern US city. Statistical analyses performed: Results were analyzed using independent sample t tests and χ2 tests. Results: Mean intake was compared for the groups. The High Eating Out group was found to be consuming significantly more total energy (2,057 kcal vs 1,769 kcal; P=.002), fat (79.5 g vs 60 6 g; P< 001), and sodium (3,299 mg vs 2,903 mg; P=.043) and marginally more carbohydrate (261.5 g vs 234.6 g; P=.055) and protein (71.5 g vs 65.4 g; P=.066). Total fiber or calcium intake did not differ between the groups. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that women who report eating out a greater number of times per week report more total energy intake as well as higher fat and sodium intakes. However, the High Eating Out group did not consume significantly more fiber or calcium in the extra energy consumed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-444
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Dietetic Association
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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eating out
nutritional adequacy
Eating
Diet
meals (menu)
Meals
Sodium
Fats
sodium
Calcium
calcium
Diet Records
Food
Snacks
descriptive studies
energy
snacks
lipids
information sources
Energy Intake

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

The effect of eating out on quality of diet in premenopausal women. / Eck Clemens, Linda H.; Slawson, Deborah L.; Klesges, Robert.

In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 99, No. 4, 01.01.1999, p. 442-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eck Clemens, Linda H. ; Slawson, Deborah L. ; Klesges, Robert. / The effect of eating out on quality of diet in premenopausal women. In: Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1999 ; Vol. 99, No. 4. pp. 442-444.
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