The effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on arthritis knee pain in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee

Jean M. Gaines, E. Metter, Laura Talbot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the short- and long-term effects of a home-based, 12-week neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of the quadriceps femoris to decrease arthritis knee pain in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. The study sample (N = 38) was randomly assigned to the NMES treatment plus education group or the arthritis education-only group. Pain was measured in both groups with the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) at baseline, during the intervention at weeks 4, 8, 12, and at follow-up and with the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale 2-Pain Subscale (AIMS2-PS) at baseline and week 12. The NMES Pain Diary (PD) was completed 15 minutes before and after each stimulation session. There was a significant 22% decline in pain 15 minutes after as compared with immediately before each NMES treatment (p < .001), as measured by the PD. No significant group differences were found between the 2 groups over the course of the intervention and follow-up. These findings indicate that a home-based NMES intervention reduced arthritis knee pain 15 minutes after a NMES treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Nursing Research
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Knee Osteoarthritis
Electric Stimulation
Arthritis
Knee
Pain
Education
Quadriceps Muscle
Pain Measurement
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

The effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on arthritis knee pain in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. / Gaines, Jean M.; Metter, E.; Talbot, Laura.

In: Applied Nursing Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 01.08.2004, p. 201-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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