The effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated bovine anterior teeth

Natércia Rezende Da Silva, Luís Henrique Araújo Raposo, Antheunis Versluis, Alfredo Júlio Fernandes-Neto, Carlos José Soares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Statement of problem Unresolved controversy exists concerning the remaining coronal tooth structure of anterior endodontically treated teeth and the best treatment option for restoring them. Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the deformation, fracture resistance, and fracture mode of endodontically treated bovine incisors. Material and methods One hundred and eighty bovine incisors were selected and divided into 12 treatment groups (n=15). The treatment variations were: with or without ferrule, restored with cast post and core, glass fiber post with composite resin core, or glass fiber post with fiber-reinforced core, and metal- or alumina-reinforced ceramic crown (n=15). The restored incisors were loaded at a 135-degree angle, and the deformation was measured using strain gauges placed on the buccal and proximal root surfaces. Specimens were subsequently loaded to the point of fracture. Strain and fracture resistance results were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (α=.05). Results Ferrule presence did not significantly influence the buccal strain and fracture resistance for the ceramic crown groups, irrespective of core and crown type. Ferrule presence resulted in lower strains and higher fracture resistance in the metal crown groups, irrespective of core. The cast post and core showed lower strain values than groups with glass fiber posts when restored with metal crowns. Conclusions Core type did not affect the deformation and fracture resistance of endodontically treated incisors restored with alumina-reinforced ceramic crowns. The presence of a ferrule improved the mechanical behavior of teeth restored with metal crowns, irrespective of core type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-317
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Crowns
Tooth
Incisor
Metals
Aluminum Oxide
Cheek
Nonvital Tooth
Composite Resins
Ceramics
Analysis of Variance
fiberglass

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

The effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated bovine anterior teeth. / Da Silva, Natércia Rezende; Raposo, Luís Henrique Araújo; Versluis, Antheunis; Fernandes-Neto, Alfredo Júlio; Soares, Carlos José.

In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, Vol. 104, No. 5, 01.11.2010, p. 306-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Da Silva, Natércia Rezende ; Raposo, Luís Henrique Araújo ; Versluis, Antheunis ; Fernandes-Neto, Alfredo Júlio ; Soares, Carlos José. / The effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated bovine anterior teeth. In: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. 2010 ; Vol. 104, No. 5. pp. 306-317.
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abstract = "Statement of problem Unresolved controversy exists concerning the remaining coronal tooth structure of anterior endodontically treated teeth and the best treatment option for restoring them. Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of post, core, crown type, and ferrule presence on the deformation, fracture resistance, and fracture mode of endodontically treated bovine incisors. Material and methods One hundred and eighty bovine incisors were selected and divided into 12 treatment groups (n=15). The treatment variations were: with or without ferrule, restored with cast post and core, glass fiber post with composite resin core, or glass fiber post with fiber-reinforced core, and metal- or alumina-reinforced ceramic crown (n=15). The restored incisors were loaded at a 135-degree angle, and the deformation was measured using strain gauges placed on the buccal and proximal root surfaces. Specimens were subsequently loaded to the point of fracture. Strain and fracture resistance results were analyzed by 3-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD tests (α=.05). Results Ferrule presence did not significantly influence the buccal strain and fracture resistance for the ceramic crown groups, irrespective of core and crown type. Ferrule presence resulted in lower strains and higher fracture resistance in the metal crown groups, irrespective of core. The cast post and core showed lower strain values than groups with glass fiber posts when restored with metal crowns. Conclusions Core type did not affect the deformation and fracture resistance of endodontically treated incisors restored with alumina-reinforced ceramic crowns. The presence of a ferrule improved the mechanical behavior of teeth restored with metal crowns, irrespective of core type.",
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AU - Fernandes-Neto, Alfredo Júlio

AU - Soares, Carlos José

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