The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity

A systematic review

Emily B. Kahn, Leigh T. Ramsey, Ross C. Brownson, Gregory Heath, Elizabeth H. Howze, Kenneth E. Powell, Elaine J. Stone, Mummy W. Rajab, Phaedra Corso

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1329 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Overview: The Guide to Community Preventive Service's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity: informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Changes in physical activity behavior and aerobic capacity were used to assess effectiveness. Two informational interventions ('point-of-decision' prompts to encourage stair use and community-wide campaigns) were effective, as were three behavioral and social interventions (school-based physical education, social support in community settings, and individually-adapted health behavior change) and one environmental and policy intervention (creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity combined with informational outreach activities). Additional information about applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation are provided for these interventions. Evidence is insufficient to assess a number of interventions: classroom-based health education focused on information provision, and family-based social support (because of inconsistent findings); mass media campaigns and college-based health education and physical education (because of an insufficient number of studies); and classroom-based health education focused on reducing television viewing and video game playing (because of insufficient evidence of an increase in physical activity). These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-107
Number of pages35
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume22
Issue number4 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2002

Fingerprint

Health Education
Environmental Policy
Physical Education and Training
Social Support
Video Games
Mass Media
Social Welfare
Television
Health Behavior
Public Policy
Public Health
Research Personnel

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L. T., Brownson, R. C., Heath, G., Howze, E. H., Powell, K. E., ... Corso, P. (2002). The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22(4 SUPPL. 1), 73-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8

The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity : A systematic review. / Kahn, Emily B.; Ramsey, Leigh T.; Brownson, Ross C.; Heath, Gregory; Howze, Elizabeth H.; Powell, Kenneth E.; Stone, Elaine J.; Rajab, Mummy W.; Corso, Phaedra.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 4 SUPPL. 1, 07.05.2002, p. 73-107.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kahn, EB, Ramsey, LT, Brownson, RC, Heath, G, Howze, EH, Powell, KE, Stone, EJ, Rajab, MW & Corso, P 2002, 'The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 22, no. 4 SUPPL. 1, pp. 73-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8
Kahn, Emily B. ; Ramsey, Leigh T. ; Brownson, Ross C. ; Heath, Gregory ; Howze, Elizabeth H. ; Powell, Kenneth E. ; Stone, Elaine J. ; Rajab, Mummy W. ; Corso, Phaedra. / The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity : A systematic review. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2002 ; Vol. 22, No. 4 SUPPL. 1. pp. 73-107.
@article{da8370880fd647eab95820b1766453a6,
title = "The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: A systematic review",
abstract = "Overview: The Guide to Community Preventive Service's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity: informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Changes in physical activity behavior and aerobic capacity were used to assess effectiveness. Two informational interventions ('point-of-decision' prompts to encourage stair use and community-wide campaigns) were effective, as were three behavioral and social interventions (school-based physical education, social support in community settings, and individually-adapted health behavior change) and one environmental and policy intervention (creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity combined with informational outreach activities). Additional information about applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation are provided for these interventions. Evidence is insufficient to assess a number of interventions: classroom-based health education focused on information provision, and family-based social support (because of inconsistent findings); mass media campaigns and college-based health education and physical education (because of an insufficient number of studies); and classroom-based health education focused on reducing television viewing and video game playing (because of insufficient evidence of an increase in physical activity). These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers.",
author = "Kahn, {Emily B.} and Ramsey, {Leigh T.} and Brownson, {Ross C.} and Gregory Heath and Howze, {Elizabeth H.} and Powell, {Kenneth E.} and Stone, {Elaine J.} and Rajab, {Mummy W.} and Phaedra Corso",
year = "2002",
month = "5",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "73--107",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "4 SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Kahn, Emily B.

AU - Ramsey, Leigh T.

AU - Brownson, Ross C.

AU - Heath, Gregory

AU - Howze, Elizabeth H.

AU - Powell, Kenneth E.

AU - Stone, Elaine J.

AU - Rajab, Mummy W.

AU - Corso, Phaedra

PY - 2002/5/7

Y1 - 2002/5/7

N2 - Overview: The Guide to Community Preventive Service's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity: informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Changes in physical activity behavior and aerobic capacity were used to assess effectiveness. Two informational interventions ('point-of-decision' prompts to encourage stair use and community-wide campaigns) were effective, as were three behavioral and social interventions (school-based physical education, social support in community settings, and individually-adapted health behavior change) and one environmental and policy intervention (creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity combined with informational outreach activities). Additional information about applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation are provided for these interventions. Evidence is insufficient to assess a number of interventions: classroom-based health education focused on information provision, and family-based social support (because of inconsistent findings); mass media campaigns and college-based health education and physical education (because of an insufficient number of studies); and classroom-based health education focused on reducing television viewing and video game playing (because of insufficient evidence of an increase in physical activity). These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers.

AB - Overview: The Guide to Community Preventive Service's methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity: informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Changes in physical activity behavior and aerobic capacity were used to assess effectiveness. Two informational interventions ('point-of-decision' prompts to encourage stair use and community-wide campaigns) were effective, as were three behavioral and social interventions (school-based physical education, social support in community settings, and individually-adapted health behavior change) and one environmental and policy intervention (creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity combined with informational outreach activities). Additional information about applicability, other effects, and barriers to implementation are provided for these interventions. Evidence is insufficient to assess a number of interventions: classroom-based health education focused on information provision, and family-based social support (because of inconsistent findings); mass media campaigns and college-based health education and physical education (because of an insufficient number of studies); and classroom-based health education focused on reducing television viewing and video game playing (because of insufficient evidence of an increase in physical activity). These recommendations should serve the needs of researchers, planners, and other public health decision makers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036227999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036227999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8

DO - 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8

M3 - Review article

VL - 22

SP - 73

EP - 107

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 4 SUPPL. 1

ER -