The Effects of Stimulant Medication on the Online Story Narrations of Children with ADHD

Karen Derefinko, Ursula L. Bailey, Richard Milich, Elizabeth P. Lorch, Elizabeth Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigated the inclusion of goal-based story events in the online story narrations of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as compared with their peers, and explored the effect of stimulant medication on the narrations in children with ADHD. Children completed a narration task on two separate occasions. Children with ADHD (n = 17) completed one narration on medication and the other one on placebo. Results indicated that narrations of comparison children (n = 25) were significantly more likely than narrations of children with ADHD to include the story’s positive outcome, completion of the story’s overall goal, and specific attempts linked to the goal. Children with ADHD included a larger total number of clauses in their narrations when on stimulant medication than when on placebo, but medication showed no significant effects for any other variables. Results indicate that stimulant medication may not be effective at reducing goal-based story comprehension deficits in children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-182
Number of pages12
JournalSchool Mental Health
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

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Narration
ADHD
narration
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
medication
Placebos
deficit
comprehension
inclusion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The Effects of Stimulant Medication on the Online Story Narrations of Children with ADHD. / Derefinko, Karen; Bailey, Ursula L.; Milich, Richard; Lorch, Elizabeth P.; Riley, Elizabeth.

In: School Mental Health, Vol. 1, No. 4, 01.12.2009, p. 171-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Derefinko, Karen ; Bailey, Ursula L. ; Milich, Richard ; Lorch, Elizabeth P. ; Riley, Elizabeth. / The Effects of Stimulant Medication on the Online Story Narrations of Children with ADHD. In: School Mental Health. 2009 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 171-182.
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