The relationship between body mass and cigarette smoking using a biochemical index of smoking exposure

R. C. Klesges, L. M. Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluated the relationship between smoking and body mass using objective indices of both smoking exposure (COHb) and body mass. The subjects were 4240 adults who participated in the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). Measurements of dietary intake, physical activity, demographics, body mass index (BMI) and blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) were used in these analyses. After controlling for covariables of body mass, the results indicated that smokers displayed a significantly lower mass compared with non-smokers. Smokers with higher levels of COHb had lower BMIs than smokers at lower COHb levels. White smokers had lower BMIs with increasing COHb exposure whereas black smokers had BMIs at high COHb exposure similar to those of nonsmokers. Results indicated that smokers weighed less than non-smokers and that the weight control 'benefits' of smoking were most pronounced in white subjects who were heavy smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-591
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume17
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carboxyhemoglobin
smoking (habit)
smoking (food products)
Smoking
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Nutrition Surveys
weight control
physical activity
body mass index
food intake
demographic statistics
blood
Body Mass Index
Demography
Exercise
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The relationship between body mass and cigarette smoking using a biochemical index of smoking exposure. / Klesges, R. C.; Klesges, L. M.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 17, No. 10, 1993, p. 585-591.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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