The role of cytochrome P450 2E1 on ethanol-mediated oxidative stress and HIV replication in human monocyte-derived macrophages

Yuqing Gong, P. S.S. Rao, Namita Sinha, Sabina Ranjit, Theodore Cory, Santosh Kumar

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Abstract

Background: Alcohol consumption is considered to be a major health problem among people living with HIV/AIDS. Our previous reports have shown that ethanol reduced intracellular concentrations of antiretroviral drugs elvitegravir and darunavir in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line. Ethanol also increased HIV-1 replication despite the presence of elvitegravir. Our previous finding has also shown that the levels of cytochrome P450 enzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1) and oxidative stress in blood monocytes were induced, while the concentration of alcohol in the plasma was reduced in HIV-1-infected alcohol users compared to uninfected alcohol users. However, the role of CYP2E1 in ethanol-enhanced oxidative stress and HIV-1 replication is still unclear. Methods: This study examined the chronic effects (14 days) of ethanol on HIV viral load, oxidative DNA damage, expression of CYP2E1, expression of antioxidant enzymes (AOEs), expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Further, to evaluate the role of CYP2E1 in mediating ethanol-induced viral replication, CYP2E1 siRNA and CYP2E1 selective inhibitor were used in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line following ethanol treatment. Results: Chronic ethanol exposure demonstrated an increase in oxidative DNA damage and CYP2E1 expression in both non-infected and HIV-1-infected MDM. Our results showed that ethanol chronic exposure increased HIV-1 replication by ~3-fold in HIV-1-infected MDM. This ethanol-enhanced HIV-1 replication was associated with an increased oxidative DNA damage, an increased expression of CYP2E1, and a decreased expression of antioxidant enzyme PRDX6. In HIV-1-infected U1 cell line, we observed a decreased viral replication (~30%) and a decreased DNA damage (~100%) after repression of CYP2E1 by siRNA, upon ethanol exposure. We also observed a decreased viral replication (~25%) after inhibition of CYP2E1 by using selective CYP2E1 inhibitor. Conclusions: The data suggest that chronic ethanol exposure increases HIV-1 replication in MDM, at least in part, through CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress. These results are clinically relevant to potentially find effective treatment strategies for HIV-1-infected alcohol users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

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Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1
Oxidative stress
Macrophages
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
HIV-1
Oxidative Stress
Ethanol
HIV
DNA Damage
Alcohols
Cell Line
Small Interfering RNA
Antioxidants
DNA
Cells
Enzymes
Viral Load
Alcohol Drinking
Monocytes
Reactive Oxygen Species

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The role of cytochrome P450 2E1 on ethanol-mediated oxidative stress and HIV replication in human monocyte-derived macrophages. / Gong, Yuqing; Rao, P. S.S.; Sinha, Namita; Ranjit, Sabina; Cory, Theodore; Kumar, Santosh.

In: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, Vol. 17, 01.03.2019, p. 65-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Alcohol consumption is considered to be a major health problem among people living with HIV/AIDS. Our previous reports have shown that ethanol reduced intracellular concentrations of antiretroviral drugs elvitegravir and darunavir in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line. Ethanol also increased HIV-1 replication despite the presence of elvitegravir. Our previous finding has also shown that the levels of cytochrome P450 enzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1) and oxidative stress in blood monocytes were induced, while the concentration of alcohol in the plasma was reduced in HIV-1-infected alcohol users compared to uninfected alcohol users. However, the role of CYP2E1 in ethanol-enhanced oxidative stress and HIV-1 replication is still unclear. Methods: This study examined the chronic effects (14 days) of ethanol on HIV viral load, oxidative DNA damage, expression of CYP2E1, expression of antioxidant enzymes (AOEs), expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Further, to evaluate the role of CYP2E1 in mediating ethanol-induced viral replication, CYP2E1 siRNA and CYP2E1 selective inhibitor were used in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line following ethanol treatment. Results: Chronic ethanol exposure demonstrated an increase in oxidative DNA damage and CYP2E1 expression in both non-infected and HIV-1-infected MDM. Our results showed that ethanol chronic exposure increased HIV-1 replication by ~3-fold in HIV-1-infected MDM. This ethanol-enhanced HIV-1 replication was associated with an increased oxidative DNA damage, an increased expression of CYP2E1, and a decreased expression of antioxidant enzyme PRDX6. In HIV-1-infected U1 cell line, we observed a decreased viral replication (~30{\%}) and a decreased DNA damage (~100{\%}) after repression of CYP2E1 by siRNA, upon ethanol exposure. We also observed a decreased viral replication (~25{\%}) after inhibition of CYP2E1 by using selective CYP2E1 inhibitor. Conclusions: The data suggest that chronic ethanol exposure increases HIV-1 replication in MDM, at least in part, through CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress. These results are clinically relevant to potentially find effective treatment strategies for HIV-1-infected alcohol users.",
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T1 - The role of cytochrome P450 2E1 on ethanol-mediated oxidative stress and HIV replication in human monocyte-derived macrophages

AU - Gong, Yuqing

AU - Rao, P. S.S.

AU - Sinha, Namita

AU - Ranjit, Sabina

AU - Cory, Theodore

AU - Kumar, Santosh

PY - 2019/3/1

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N2 - Background: Alcohol consumption is considered to be a major health problem among people living with HIV/AIDS. Our previous reports have shown that ethanol reduced intracellular concentrations of antiretroviral drugs elvitegravir and darunavir in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line. Ethanol also increased HIV-1 replication despite the presence of elvitegravir. Our previous finding has also shown that the levels of cytochrome P450 enzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1) and oxidative stress in blood monocytes were induced, while the concentration of alcohol in the plasma was reduced in HIV-1-infected alcohol users compared to uninfected alcohol users. However, the role of CYP2E1 in ethanol-enhanced oxidative stress and HIV-1 replication is still unclear. Methods: This study examined the chronic effects (14 days) of ethanol on HIV viral load, oxidative DNA damage, expression of CYP2E1, expression of antioxidant enzymes (AOEs), expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Further, to evaluate the role of CYP2E1 in mediating ethanol-induced viral replication, CYP2E1 siRNA and CYP2E1 selective inhibitor were used in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line following ethanol treatment. Results: Chronic ethanol exposure demonstrated an increase in oxidative DNA damage and CYP2E1 expression in both non-infected and HIV-1-infected MDM. Our results showed that ethanol chronic exposure increased HIV-1 replication by ~3-fold in HIV-1-infected MDM. This ethanol-enhanced HIV-1 replication was associated with an increased oxidative DNA damage, an increased expression of CYP2E1, and a decreased expression of antioxidant enzyme PRDX6. In HIV-1-infected U1 cell line, we observed a decreased viral replication (~30%) and a decreased DNA damage (~100%) after repression of CYP2E1 by siRNA, upon ethanol exposure. We also observed a decreased viral replication (~25%) after inhibition of CYP2E1 by using selective CYP2E1 inhibitor. Conclusions: The data suggest that chronic ethanol exposure increases HIV-1 replication in MDM, at least in part, through CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress. These results are clinically relevant to potentially find effective treatment strategies for HIV-1-infected alcohol users.

AB - Background: Alcohol consumption is considered to be a major health problem among people living with HIV/AIDS. Our previous reports have shown that ethanol reduced intracellular concentrations of antiretroviral drugs elvitegravir and darunavir in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line. Ethanol also increased HIV-1 replication despite the presence of elvitegravir. Our previous finding has also shown that the levels of cytochrome P450 enzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1) and oxidative stress in blood monocytes were induced, while the concentration of alcohol in the plasma was reduced in HIV-1-infected alcohol users compared to uninfected alcohol users. However, the role of CYP2E1 in ethanol-enhanced oxidative stress and HIV-1 replication is still unclear. Methods: This study examined the chronic effects (14 days) of ethanol on HIV viral load, oxidative DNA damage, expression of CYP2E1, expression of antioxidant enzymes (AOEs), expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Further, to evaluate the role of CYP2E1 in mediating ethanol-induced viral replication, CYP2E1 siRNA and CYP2E1 selective inhibitor were used in the HIV-1-infected U1 cell line following ethanol treatment. Results: Chronic ethanol exposure demonstrated an increase in oxidative DNA damage and CYP2E1 expression in both non-infected and HIV-1-infected MDM. Our results showed that ethanol chronic exposure increased HIV-1 replication by ~3-fold in HIV-1-infected MDM. This ethanol-enhanced HIV-1 replication was associated with an increased oxidative DNA damage, an increased expression of CYP2E1, and a decreased expression of antioxidant enzyme PRDX6. In HIV-1-infected U1 cell line, we observed a decreased viral replication (~30%) and a decreased DNA damage (~100%) after repression of CYP2E1 by siRNA, upon ethanol exposure. We also observed a decreased viral replication (~25%) after inhibition of CYP2E1 by using selective CYP2E1 inhibitor. Conclusions: The data suggest that chronic ethanol exposure increases HIV-1 replication in MDM, at least in part, through CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress. These results are clinically relevant to potentially find effective treatment strategies for HIV-1-infected alcohol users.

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