The role of sarcoplasmic reticulum and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in the smooth muscle tone of the cat gastric fundus

Georgi Petkov, Kiril K. Boev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Circular smooth muscle strips isolated from cat gastric fundus were studied in order to understand whether the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and SR Ca2+-ATPase could play a role in the regulation of the muscle tone. Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a specific inhibitor of SR Ca2+-ATPase, caused a significant and sustained increase in muscle tone, depending on the presence of extracellular Ca2+. Nifedipine and cinnarizin only partially suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. Bay K 8644 antagonized the relaxant effect of nifedipine in CPA-contracted fundus. Nitric-oxide-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine completely suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. The blockers of Ca2+-activated K+ channels, tetraethylammonium, charybdotoxin and/or apamin, decreased the contractile effect of CPA. Vanadate increased the tone but did not change significantly the effect of CPA. CPA exerted its contractile effect even when Ca2+ influx was triggered through the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger and the other Ca2+ entry pathways were blocked. Thapsigargin, another specific SR Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, also increased the muscle tone. The effect of thapsigargin was completely suppressed by sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine and partially by nifedipine. In conclusion, under conditions when the SR Ca2+-ATPase is inhibited, the tissue develops a strong tonic contraction and a large part of this is mediated by Ca2+ influx presumably via nifedipine-sensitive Ca2+ channels. This study suggests the important role of SR Ca2+-ATPase in the modulation of the muscle tone and the function of SR as a "buffer barrier" to Ca2+ entry in the cat gastric fundus smooth muscle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)928-935
Number of pages8
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume431
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Gastric Fundus
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Cats
Nifedipine
Thapsigargin
Nitroprusside
Muscles
Muscle Hypertonia
3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-5-nitro-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-, Methyl ester
Charybdotoxin
Apamin
Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels
Tetraethylammonium
Vanadates
cyclopiazonic acid
Buffers
Nitric Oxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "The role of sarcoplasmic reticulum and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase in the smooth muscle tone of the cat gastric fundus",
abstract = "Circular smooth muscle strips isolated from cat gastric fundus were studied in order to understand whether the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and SR Ca2+-ATPase could play a role in the regulation of the muscle tone. Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a specific inhibitor of SR Ca2+-ATPase, caused a significant and sustained increase in muscle tone, depending on the presence of extracellular Ca2+. Nifedipine and cinnarizin only partially suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. Bay K 8644 antagonized the relaxant effect of nifedipine in CPA-contracted fundus. Nitric-oxide-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine completely suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. The blockers of Ca2+-activated K+ channels, tetraethylammonium, charybdotoxin and/or apamin, decreased the contractile effect of CPA. Vanadate increased the tone but did not change significantly the effect of CPA. CPA exerted its contractile effect even when Ca2+ influx was triggered through the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger and the other Ca2+ entry pathways were blocked. Thapsigargin, another specific SR Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, also increased the muscle tone. The effect of thapsigargin was completely suppressed by sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine and partially by nifedipine. In conclusion, under conditions when the SR Ca2+-ATPase is inhibited, the tissue develops a strong tonic contraction and a large part of this is mediated by Ca2+ influx presumably via nifedipine-sensitive Ca2+ channels. This study suggests the important role of SR Ca2+-ATPase in the modulation of the muscle tone and the function of SR as a {"}buffer barrier{"} to Ca2+ entry in the cat gastric fundus smooth muscle.",
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N2 - Circular smooth muscle strips isolated from cat gastric fundus were studied in order to understand whether the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and SR Ca2+-ATPase could play a role in the regulation of the muscle tone. Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a specific inhibitor of SR Ca2+-ATPase, caused a significant and sustained increase in muscle tone, depending on the presence of extracellular Ca2+. Nifedipine and cinnarizin only partially suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. Bay K 8644 antagonized the relaxant effect of nifedipine in CPA-contracted fundus. Nitric-oxide-releasing agents sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine completely suppressed the CPA-induced tonic contraction. The blockers of Ca2+-activated K+ channels, tetraethylammonium, charybdotoxin and/or apamin, decreased the contractile effect of CPA. Vanadate increased the tone but did not change significantly the effect of CPA. CPA exerted its contractile effect even when Ca2+ influx was triggered through the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger and the other Ca2+ entry pathways were blocked. Thapsigargin, another specific SR Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, also increased the muscle tone. The effect of thapsigargin was completely suppressed by sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine and partially by nifedipine. In conclusion, under conditions when the SR Ca2+-ATPase is inhibited, the tissue develops a strong tonic contraction and a large part of this is mediated by Ca2+ influx presumably via nifedipine-sensitive Ca2+ channels. This study suggests the important role of SR Ca2+-ATPase in the modulation of the muscle tone and the function of SR as a "buffer barrier" to Ca2+ entry in the cat gastric fundus smooth muscle.

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