Thermodynamic instability of human λ6 light chains

Correlation with fibrillogenicity

Jonathan Wall, Maria Schell, Charles Murphy, Rudi Hrncic, Fred J. Stevens, Alan Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Certain types of human light chains have the propensity to deposit pathologically as amyloid fibrils as evidenced by the preferential association of monoclonal λ6 proteins with AL amyloidosis. However, the molecular features that render such proteins amyloidogenic have not been elucidated. Based upon the demonstrated relationship between the thermodynamic stability of light chains and their propensity to aggregate in vitro, we have initiated studies where the thermodynamic properties and fibrillogenic potential of two recombinant (r) V(λ)6 molecules were compared. The first protein was generated from cDNA cloned from marrow- derived plasma cells from a patient (Wil) who had AL amyloidosis and renal amyloid deposits; the second was from a patient (Jto) with multiple myeloma in whom the λ6 protein was deposited not as amyloid but in the form of renal tubular casts. The thermodynamic stabilities of rV(λ)6Wil and -Jto were determined from chaotropic and thermal denaturation studies. Based upon the ΔC(H2O), ΔH, ΔG(25 °C), T(m), and C(m) values, the rV(λ)6Wil was less stable than its nonamyloidogenic counterpart, rV(λ)6Jto. Measurement of fibril formation using a novel in vitro fibril forming assay demonstrated that although both rV(λ)6 proteins formed fibrils in vitro, Wil had a shorter lag time and exhibited faster kinetics under physiologic conditions. Comparative amino acid sequence analyses of these two components and other λ6 amyloid-associated light chains revealed that the Jto protein had certain primary structural features that we posit contributed to its increased stability and thus rendered this protein nonamyloidogenic. Our studies provide the first evidence that stabilizing interactions within the V(L) domain can influence the kinetics of light chain fibrillogenicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14101-14108
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry
Volume38
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 1999

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Thermodynamics
Light
Amyloid
Proteins
Amyloidosis
Thermodynamic stability
Deposits
Amyloidogenic Proteins
Kidney
Denaturation
Kinetics
Protein Sequence Analysis
Amyloid Plaques
Plasma Cells
Multiple Myeloma
Assays
Thermodynamic properties
Complementary DNA
Hot Temperature
Bone Marrow

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Thermodynamic instability of human λ6 light chains : Correlation with fibrillogenicity. / Wall, Jonathan; Schell, Maria; Murphy, Charles; Hrncic, Rudi; Stevens, Fred J.; Solomon, Alan.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 38, No. 42, 19.10.1999, p. 14101-14108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wall, Jonathan ; Schell, Maria ; Murphy, Charles ; Hrncic, Rudi ; Stevens, Fred J. ; Solomon, Alan. / Thermodynamic instability of human λ6 light chains : Correlation with fibrillogenicity. In: Biochemistry. 1999 ; Vol. 38, No. 42. pp. 14101-14108.
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