Thoracoscopic repair of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH): Outcomes after a systematic quality improvement process

Timothy Jancelewicz, Jacob C. Langer, Monping Chiang, Arnaud Bonnard, Mohammed Zamakhshary, Priscilla P. Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Higher recurrence rates have been reported for thoracoscopic repair (TR) of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) compared to open repair. Our centre initiated changes in surgical management following a quality review in order to improve outcome. Methods A retrospective review of TR patients from 2000 to 2011 at a single institution was performed. A review was done in 2007, and changes were implemented to decrease recurrence rates. These included use of pledgets, an extracorporeal corner stitch, liberal prosthetic patch use, lower insufflation pressures, and TR was limited to two experienced surgeons. Outcome data before and after this quality improvement process were compared. Non-TR patients from the same time period served as controls. Data are quoted as median (range) and non-parametric tests used to compare. P < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Results There were 23 neonatal TR patients with median follow-up of 3.6 (range 0.4-7) years. Median age at repair was 2 (range 0-21) days. There were 5 patch repairs (22%), all after 2008. There were 9 recurrences (39%) at a median time of 162 days after TR, compared to 13 (10%) recurrences in the control cohort. For primary TR, there was a trend towards a decreased recurrence rate from 50% prior to 2008 to 25% after 2008 (P = 0.26). Conclusions Systematic quality review was modestly effective in decreasing the recurrence rate for neonatal TR, but further outcome data are required.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-325
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Quality Improvement
Recurrence
Insufflation
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias
Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Thoracoscopic repair of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) : Outcomes after a systematic quality improvement process. / Jancelewicz, Timothy; Langer, Jacob C.; Chiang, Monping; Bonnard, Arnaud; Zamakhshary, Mohammed; Chiu, Priscilla P.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 321-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jancelewicz, Timothy ; Langer, Jacob C. ; Chiang, Monping ; Bonnard, Arnaud ; Zamakhshary, Mohammed ; Chiu, Priscilla P. / Thoracoscopic repair of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) : Outcomes after a systematic quality improvement process. In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 48, No. 2. pp. 321-325.
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abstract = "Background Higher recurrence rates have been reported for thoracoscopic repair (TR) of neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) compared to open repair. Our centre initiated changes in surgical management following a quality review in order to improve outcome. Methods A retrospective review of TR patients from 2000 to 2011 at a single institution was performed. A review was done in 2007, and changes were implemented to decrease recurrence rates. These included use of pledgets, an extracorporeal corner stitch, liberal prosthetic patch use, lower insufflation pressures, and TR was limited to two experienced surgeons. Outcome data before and after this quality improvement process were compared. Non-TR patients from the same time period served as controls. Data are quoted as median (range) and non-parametric tests used to compare. P < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Results There were 23 neonatal TR patients with median follow-up of 3.6 (range 0.4-7) years. Median age at repair was 2 (range 0-21) days. There were 5 patch repairs (22{\%}), all after 2008. There were 9 recurrences (39{\%}) at a median time of 162 days after TR, compared to 13 (10{\%}) recurrences in the control cohort. For primary TR, there was a trend towards a decreased recurrence rate from 50{\%} prior to 2008 to 25{\%} after 2008 (P = 0.26). Conclusions Systematic quality review was modestly effective in decreasing the recurrence rate for neonatal TR, but further outcome data are required.",
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