Thyroid hormone promotes insulin-induced glucose uptake by enhancing Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Yi Lin, Zhongjie Sun

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesis that T3 promotes glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. T3 significantly enhanced insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, cytoplasma to cell membrane translocations of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and glucose uptake in adipocytes. Akt inhibitor X abolished the promoting effects of T3, suggesting that Akt activation is essential for T3 to enhance these insulin-induced events in adipocytes. Knockdown of VAMP2 using siRNA abrogated the effects of T3 on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake, suggesting that VAMP2 is an important mediator of these processes. These data suggest that T3 may promote glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and subsequent translocations of VAMP2 and GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Akt phosphorylation is necessary for the promoting effects of T3 on insulin-stimulated VAMP2 translocation. Further, VAMP2 is essential for T3 to increase insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 and subsequent uptake of glucose in adipocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2625-2632
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cellular physiology
Volume226
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

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Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 2
Phosphorylation
Protein Transport
Thyroid Hormones
Adipocytes
Insulin
Facilitative Glucose Transport Proteins
Glucose
Cell membranes
Small Interfering RNA
Chemical activation
Cell Membrane

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Thyroid hormone promotes insulin-induced glucose uptake by enhancing Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesis that T3 promotes glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. T3 significantly enhanced insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, cytoplasma to cell membrane translocations of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and glucose uptake in adipocytes. Akt inhibitor X abolished the promoting effects of T3, suggesting that Akt activation is essential for T3 to enhance these insulin-induced events in adipocytes. Knockdown of VAMP2 using siRNA abrogated the effects of T3 on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake, suggesting that VAMP2 is an important mediator of these processes. These data suggest that T3 may promote glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and subsequent translocations of VAMP2 and GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Akt phosphorylation is necessary for the promoting effects of T3 on insulin-stimulated VAMP2 translocation. Further, VAMP2 is essential for T3 to increase insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 and subsequent uptake of glucose in adipocytes.",
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AU - Sun, Zhongjie

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N2 - The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesis that T3 promotes glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. T3 significantly enhanced insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, cytoplasma to cell membrane translocations of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and glucose uptake in adipocytes. Akt inhibitor X abolished the promoting effects of T3, suggesting that Akt activation is essential for T3 to enhance these insulin-induced events in adipocytes. Knockdown of VAMP2 using siRNA abrogated the effects of T3 on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake, suggesting that VAMP2 is an important mediator of these processes. These data suggest that T3 may promote glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and subsequent translocations of VAMP2 and GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Akt phosphorylation is necessary for the promoting effects of T3 on insulin-stimulated VAMP2 translocation. Further, VAMP2 is essential for T3 to increase insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 and subsequent uptake of glucose in adipocytes.

AB - The purpose of this study was to test a hypothesis that T3 promotes glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced Akt phosphorylation and VAMP2 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. T3 significantly enhanced insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt, cytoplasma to cell membrane translocations of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), and glucose uptake in adipocytes. Akt inhibitor X abolished the promoting effects of T3, suggesting that Akt activation is essential for T3 to enhance these insulin-induced events in adipocytes. Knockdown of VAMP2 using siRNA abrogated the effects of T3 on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and glucose uptake, suggesting that VAMP2 is an important mediator of these processes. These data suggest that T3 may promote glucose uptake via enhancing insulin-induced phosphorylation of Akt and subsequent translocations of VAMP2 and GLUT4 in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Akt phosphorylation is necessary for the promoting effects of T3 on insulin-stimulated VAMP2 translocation. Further, VAMP2 is essential for T3 to increase insulin-stimulated translocation of GLUT4 and subsequent uptake of glucose in adipocytes.

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