Unemployment and early cause-specific mortality

A study based on the Swedish twin registry

Margaretha Voss, Lotta Nylén, Birgitta Floderus, Finn Diderichsen, Paul Terry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We investigated the association between unemployment and early cause-specific mortality to determine whether the relationship was modified by other risk indicators. Methods. Female and male twins (n=20 632) were followed with regard to mortality from 1973 through 1996. Questionnaire data from 1973 were used to obtain information on experience of unemployment and on social, behavioral, health, and personality characteristics. Results. Unemployment was associated with an increased risk of suicide and death from undetermined causes. Low education, personality characteristics, use of sleeping pills or tranquilizers, and serious or long-lasting illness tended to strengthen the association between unemployment and early mortality. Conclusions. An increased risk of death from external causes implies a need for support for those experiencing unemployment, particularly susceptible individuals. (Am J Public Health. 2004;94:2155-2161).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2155-2161
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume94
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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Unemployment
Registries
Mortality
Personality
Cause of Death
Suicide
Public Health
Education
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Unemployment and early cause-specific mortality : A study based on the Swedish twin registry. / Voss, Margaretha; Nylén, Lotta; Floderus, Birgitta; Diderichsen, Finn; Terry, Paul.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 94, No. 12, 01.01.2004, p. 2155-2161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Voss, Margaretha ; Nylén, Lotta ; Floderus, Birgitta ; Diderichsen, Finn ; Terry, Paul. / Unemployment and early cause-specific mortality : A study based on the Swedish twin registry. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2004 ; Vol. 94, No. 12. pp. 2155-2161.
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