Use of smoking reduction strategies among U.S. tobacco quitlines

Taghrid Asfar, Jon O. Ebbert, Robert Klesges, James L. Klosky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Tobacco quitlines (QLs) are efficacious and have assisted many smokers in achieving tobacco abstinence. However, most smokers are not able to achieve tobacco abstinence with QL services. QL counseling interventions for smokers who do not quit on their target quit date (TQD) and decline to set a new TQD after missing their TQD have not been systematically evaluated. Methods: A telephone survey of tobacco QLs in the United States (US) was conducted to examine systematic approaches used with smokers who do not quit on their TQD and decline to set a new TQD. Tobacco QLs service providers were identified through the North American Quitline Consortium (NAQC). Results: Fourteen service providers managing QLs of all 50 US states were identified and completed the voluntary survey. All providers recommended setting a new quit TQD if smokers did not achieve smoking cessation by their initial TQD. Six percent of US state QLs used brief motivational interviewing utilizing the "5R's" (relevance, risk, rewards, roadblocks, repetition). However, 90% of QLs had intervention protocols emphasizing smoking rate reduction. Conclusion: Although some US QLs utilized the "5Rs," the majority provided smoking reduction interventions for smokers not achieving tobacco cessation by their initial TQD and declining to set a new TQD. Research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of smoking rate reduction methods implemented through QLs for increasing smoking abstinence rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-586
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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Tobacco
Smoking
Tobacco Use Cessation
Motivational Interviewing
Smoking Cessation
Reward
Telephone
Counseling
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Use of smoking reduction strategies among U.S. tobacco quitlines. / Asfar, Taghrid; Ebbert, Jon O.; Klesges, Robert; Klosky, James L.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 37, No. 4, 01.04.2012, p. 583-586.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Asfar, T, Ebbert, JO, Klesges, R & Klosky, JL 2012, 'Use of smoking reduction strategies among U.S. tobacco quitlines', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 583-586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.01.018
Asfar, Taghrid ; Ebbert, Jon O. ; Klesges, Robert ; Klosky, James L. / Use of smoking reduction strategies among U.S. tobacco quitlines. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2012 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 583-586.
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