Vitamin C requirement of the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Louis R. D'Abramo, Cynthia A. Moncreiff, Felix P. Holcomb, J. Labrenty Montanez, Randal Buddington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A quantitative dietary requirement of vitamin C has been determined for the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, using two water-stable sources of ascorbic acid, ascorbyl-2-monophosphate, calcium salt (AMP) and ascorbyl-6-palmitate (AP). Vitamin C was either not included or added to a semipurified diet at levels of vitamin C activity ranging from 10 to 200 mg/kg. A control diet contained 5000 mg of crystalline l-ascorbic acid/kg of diet. Mortality in vitamin-C-deficient diets (50 mg/kg) was observed within 21 days after initiation of two independent feeding trials conducted for 79 and 90 days and was generally associated with the lack of successful extrication from the old exoskeleton. Survival increased as the level of vitamin C activity increased from 0 to 100 mg/kg of diet. AMP and AP showed equimolar vitamin C activity. A quantitative requirement equivalent to 104 mg of vitamin C/kg of diet was estimated by a quadratic surface analysis, using survival as the measured response to the different dietary levels. This estimated requirement is one to two orders of magnitude lower than those determined for species of penaeid shrimp using dietary sources of ascorbic acid that are more water-soluble and less stable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalAquaculture
Volume128
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1994

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Macrobrachium
Macrobrachium rosenbergii
ascorbic acid
diet
palmitates
exoskeleton
Penaeidae
water
calcium
salt
salts
mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

D'Abramo, L. R., Moncreiff, C. A., Holcomb, F. P., Labrenty Montanez, J., & Buddington, R. (1994). Vitamin C requirement of the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Aquaculture, 128(3-4), 269-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)90316-6

Vitamin C requirement of the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. / D'Abramo, Louis R.; Moncreiff, Cynthia A.; Holcomb, Felix P.; Labrenty Montanez, J.; Buddington, Randal.

In: Aquaculture, Vol. 128, No. 3-4, 15.12.1994, p. 269-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

D'Abramo, LR, Moncreiff, CA, Holcomb, FP, Labrenty Montanez, J & Buddington, R 1994, 'Vitamin C requirement of the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii', Aquaculture, vol. 128, no. 3-4, pp. 269-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)90316-6
D'Abramo, Louis R. ; Moncreiff, Cynthia A. ; Holcomb, Felix P. ; Labrenty Montanez, J. ; Buddington, Randal. / Vitamin C requirement of the juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In: Aquaculture. 1994 ; Vol. 128, No. 3-4. pp. 269-275.
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