Women in academic surgery

The pipeline is busted

Kevin Wayne Sexton, Kyle M. Hocking, Eric Wise, Michael J. Osgood, Joyce Cheung-Flynn, Padmini Komalavilas, Karen E. Campbell, Jeffery Dattilo, Colleen M. Brophy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This investigation examined the trends for gender-based advancement in academic surgery by performing a comparative analysis of the rate of change in the percentage of medical students, surgery residents, and full professors of surgery who are women. All available Women in Medicine Annual Reports were obtained from the American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC). The gender compositions of medical graduates, surgery residents, and full professors were plotted. Binomial and linear trendlines were calculated to estimate the year when 50% of surgery full professors would be women. Additionally, the percentage distribution of men and women at each professorial rank was determined from 1995 to 2009 using these reports to demonstrate the rate of academic advancement of each gender. The slope of the line of increase for women full professors is significantly less than for female medical students and for female general surgery residents (0.36, compared with 0.75 and 0.99, respectively). This predicts that the earliest time that females will account for 50% of full professors in surgery is the year 2096. When comparing women and men in academic ranks, we find that women are much less likely than men to be full professors. The percentage of full professors in surgery who are women is increasing at a rate disproportionately slower than the increases in female medical students and surgery residents. The rates of increase in female medical students and surgery residents are similar. The disproportionately slow rate of increase in the number of female full professors suggests that multiple factors may be responsible for this discrepancy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)84-90
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Surgical Education
    Volume69
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

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    surgery
    university teacher
    Medical Students
    resident
    medical student
    gender
    Annual Reports
    annual report
    American Medical Association
    graduate
    Medicine
    medicine
    trend

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Surgery
    • Education

    Cite this

    Sexton, K. W., Hocking, K. M., Wise, E., Osgood, M. J., Cheung-Flynn, J., Komalavilas, P., ... Brophy, C. M. (2012). Women in academic surgery: The pipeline is busted. Journal of Surgical Education, 69(1), 84-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.07.008

    Women in academic surgery : The pipeline is busted. / Sexton, Kevin Wayne; Hocking, Kyle M.; Wise, Eric; Osgood, Michael J.; Cheung-Flynn, Joyce; Komalavilas, Padmini; Campbell, Karen E.; Dattilo, Jeffery; Brophy, Colleen M.

    In: Journal of Surgical Education, Vol. 69, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 84-90.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sexton, KW, Hocking, KM, Wise, E, Osgood, MJ, Cheung-Flynn, J, Komalavilas, P, Campbell, KE, Dattilo, J & Brophy, CM 2012, 'Women in academic surgery: The pipeline is busted', Journal of Surgical Education, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 84-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.07.008
    Sexton KW, Hocking KM, Wise E, Osgood MJ, Cheung-Flynn J, Komalavilas P et al. Women in academic surgery: The pipeline is busted. Journal of Surgical Education. 2012 Jan 1;69(1):84-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.07.008
    Sexton, Kevin Wayne ; Hocking, Kyle M. ; Wise, Eric ; Osgood, Michael J. ; Cheung-Flynn, Joyce ; Komalavilas, Padmini ; Campbell, Karen E. ; Dattilo, Jeffery ; Brophy, Colleen M. / Women in academic surgery : The pipeline is busted. In: Journal of Surgical Education. 2012 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 84-90.
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